Index Videos Schopenhauer's writings Schopenhauer's writings online Family writings

Schopenhauer in England Writings about Schopenhauer Writings about Schopenhauer online Quotes

1747 Schopenhauer's father, Heinrich Floris Schopenhauer, born in Gdansk
1766 Schopenhauer's mother, Johanna Henriette Trosiener, born in Danzig
1785 Heinrich Schopenhauer marries Johanna Henriette Trosiener
1788 Birth of Arthur Schopenhauer in Danzig on 22 February, at Heilingengeist Strasse 117
1789 Family move to the Old City, Hamburg
1792 Family move to Neur Wandrahm, 92, Hamburg
1797 Birth of Schopenhauer's sister, Louise Adelaide (Adele), 12 June
1797-1799 Schopenhauer resides with Gregoire household at Le Havre, France
1799 Schopenhauer returns to Hamburg and is enrolled at Dr. Runge's school for the following four years.
1803-1804 After agreeing to take up work as a merchant, Schopenhauer travels with parents to Holland, England, Scotland, Switzerland, France and Austria. While in England (June-September 1803) , he attends a school in Wimbledon. The journey began 3 May 1803, and ends on 25 August 1804
1804 Schopenhauer is apprenticed to Kabrun, a Danzig merchant (September to December)
1805 Schopenhauer is apprenticed to Senator Jenisch, a Hamburg merchant. He attempts to undertake some studying. Schopenhauer's father dies, apparently by suicide, 20 April
1806 After closing the business, Schopenhauer's mother moves with his sister Adele, to Weimar. Schopenhauer remains in Hamburg where he is joined by his friend Athime Gregoire
1807 Schopenhauer ends his career as a merchant in May and leaves Hamburg to enrol at the Gotha Gymnasium in June: this ends in December after he insults one of the instructors. Schopenhauer moves into lodgings in Weimar during December. He falls in love with Karoline Jagemann
1808 Schopenhauer studies in preparation for university
1809 Schopenhauer receives a third of his late father's estate, and begins at the Göttingen university in October where he studies science, followed by philosophy. For four courses he is tutored by eminent physiologist and anthropologist Johann Blumenbach, an advocate of animal welfare and critic of vivisection, opinions that Schopenhauer also embraces
1810 Schopenhauer changes from medicine to philosophy and is introduced to the philosophy of Plato and Kant
1811 Schopenhauer enrols at the University of Berlin and studies science and philosophy
1813 As Schopenhauer is fearful of conscription, he leaves Berlin and resides in Weimar. He then resides in Rudolstadt and writes his doctoral work On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason. The University of Jena accepts this and it is published. From November, he resides in Weimar again and considers colour theory with Goethe. He begins reading ancient Indian religious texts
1814 Schopenhauer lives with his mother (in Weimar) but leaves after heated quarrels and resides in Dresden. After this, he never sees her again
1816 Schopenhauer publishes On Vision and Colours
1818 Schopenhauer's work, The World as Will and Representation is published. He visits Italy
1819 Schopenhauer's daughter is born in the Spring to a lady's maid in Dresden: the infant dies during the Summer. Schopenhauer resides in Rome and Naples and hears from Adele that Goethe was reading The World as Will and Representation. Later, Adele advises him that the Danzig bank in which she and Johanna had invested their capital had failed. He returns to Germany in July. At end of year, he asks the University of Berlin for a post in teaching philosophy
1820 Schopenhauer has his habilitation (test) at the University of Berlin, with Hegel present. He passes this and lectures at the University but few attend. He never lectures again
1821 A lengthy legal suit begins when Caroline Marquet, a seamstress, accuses Schopenhauer of assaulting her. He begins an affair with Caroline Richter/Medon, a chorus girl
1822 Schopenhauer travels to Italy in May
1823 Schopenhauer returns to Germany and has to remain in Munich until 1824 because of ill health
1824 Schopenhauer travels to Bad Gastein and Mannheim to convalesce and resides in Dresden. He decides to adopt a solitary existence
1825 Schopenhauer returns to Berlin and learns Spanish
1827 Judgement is made against Schopenhauer in the Marquet case (see 1821)
1828 Schopenhauer writes that he would like to marry. All his applications for a university post fail
1831 In view of the cholera epidemic, Schopenhauer leaves Berlin. On his arrival in Frankfurt, he experiences a vision of his dead parents. His health and depression worsen and he remains indoors for most of the winter. He resumes correspondence with his mother and sister
1832 In the summer, Schopenhauer's health improves and he moves to Mannheim
1833 While living in Mannheim, Schopenhauer decides to move to Frankfurt and he does so in July. He decides against marriage
1835 It is possible that in this year Schopenhauer had a second daughter who was born in Frankfurt but dies as an infant
1835 Schopenhauer's On the Will in Nature is published
1838 Schopenhauer's mother dies, 17 April. He does not attend her funeral or contest the will that leaves Johanna's estate and land to Adele. He submits his essay On the Freedom of the Will to the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences
1839 Schopenhauer wins prize from Royal Norwegian Society for On the Freedom of the Will. He submits the essay On the Basis of Morality to the Royal Danish Society for Scientific Studies
1840 Schopenhauer fails to win prize from Danish Society for his On the Basis of Morality, even though it was the only entry
1841 On the Freedom of the Will and On the Basis of Morality are published as Two Fundamental Problems of Ethics. An article in the literary publication, The Pilot, gives a highly positive review of Schopenhauer and his Two Fundamental Problems of Ethics. By this time, Schopenhauer has a small group of followers
1842 Caroline Marquet dies
1844 Schopenhauer publishes the second and revised edition of The World as Will and Representation, as two volumes. In chapter 18, he amends his opinion about the thing-in-itself and the will
1847 Schopenhauer publishes a second and revised edition of On the Fourfold Root
1848 Fighting in Frankfurt interrupts Schopenhauer's work
1849 Death of Adele, 25 August. Schopenhauer does not attend her funeral
1851 Schopenhauer publishes Parerga and Paralipomena (as two volumes)
1852 The Westminster and Foreign Quarterly Review includes an unsigned review of Parerga and Paralipomena
1853 The Westminster and Foreign Quarterly Review includes a review of Schopenhauer by John Oxenford entitled 'Iconoclasm in German Philosophy', which results in Schopenhauer's philosophy becoming better known. Later in 1853, a translation of the article is included in Vossiche Zeiting that produces fame for Schopenhauer
1854 In September, Schopenhauer publishes second edition of On the Will in Nature. Later, he publishes a second edition of On Vision and Colors. Wagner becomes an admirer and sends Schopenhauer a copy of the The Ring
1857 Bonn and Breslau Universities include lectures on Schopenhauer's philosophy. Schopenhauer has a fall, injuring his head
1858 Schopenhauer rejects an invitation for membership in Berlin Royal Academy
1859 The third edition of The World as Will and Representation is published. As Schopenhauer worries about the possibility of fire, he moves from 17 Schöne Aussicht to a ground floor flat at number 16
1860 The second edition of The Two Fundamental Problems of Ethics is published. In April, Schopenhauer experiences shortness of breath. By early September he suffers inflammation of the lungs and on the 20th, he falls and injures his head. He dies on 21 September. As he requests, his body is left longer than usual to ensure that he is dead and would not be buried alive. He is buried on 26 September and the funeral is conducted by a Lutheran minister

"I now stand weary at the end of the road;
The jaded brow can hardly bear the laurel,
And yet I gladly see what I have done,
Ever undaunted by what others say."
Arthur Schopenhauer, Finale, 1856

(b)As youth (aged 15)
(c)As adult (aged 27)
(d)In old age (aged 71)
(e)Grave (Frankfurt)
(g)Cartoon of Schopenhauer (by Wilhelm Busch)